Meet Sarah Rector, The 11-Year-Old Who Became Richest Black Girl In The World


She may have only been 11-years-old, but age didn’t mean a thing when Sarah Rector became the richest Black girl in America.

Rector was the daughter of freedmen in 1902 before ultimately earning the title of the wealthiest Black girl in the nation.

She and her family were African American members of the Muscogee Creek Nation and lived in a modest cabin in the mainly Black town of Taft, Oklahoma.

At the time, the area was considered Indian Territory and because Rector’s parents were formerly enslaved by Creek Tribe members, they were entitled to land under the Dawes Allotment Act of 1887.

The result of this led to hundreds of Black children being granted 160 acres of land due to the Indian Territory’s integration with Oklahoma Territory which created the State of Oklahoma in 1907.

Most of the land that was granted to former slaves was rocky and infertile but not for Rector whose allotment was sitting on a literal oil well.

Her land was located in the middle of the Glenn Pool oil field with an initial value of $556.50.

In order to pay the $30 annual property tax, Rector’s father leased her land to a major oil company in February 1911.

Two years later, Rector’s price went up when the independent oil driller B.B. Jones produced “gusher” on her land that ultimately brought in 2,500 barrels or 105,000 gallons a day.

Tonya Bolden, the author of “Searching for Sarah Rector,” reveals that Rector was earning more than $300 a day in 1913. Today that equals $7,000-$8,000. Rector even earned $11,567 in October 1913.

As quickly as she acquired wealth, Rector also became a household name.

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